Generally speaking every place has soils of different types and Texas is no different because you will also come across many types of soil in Texas. Because every country has its own climate, weather conditions and such like, every country’s soil is affected by these factors. You could go from one city to the next, one location to the next within the city or from one state to the next and you will come across different kinds of soils and so, similarly, there are different types of soil in Texas as well.
To the west of the Pecos river in Texas you will see that there are many plains and some of these areas are very fertile and are excellent for crop growth and plantation while others are not and so they are used in Vineyards. The types of soil in Texas around this area are known as upland soil. These are usually drained well and you will come across reddish-brown to clay loams that are brown in color here. The soil here is poorly managed and because of this and erosion of the soil by the wind, combined with little soil moisture, the soil can only be used to grow irrigated crops especially since there is a lack of water in these soils.
Another of the various types of soils in Texas are the rolling plain soils which can be found in the northwestern part of Texas. Again, soil drainage here is from moderate to rapid which means it may be difficult to grow crops here. This soil, too, lacks in moisture and wind erosion has eroded the important nutrients from the soil because of which these types of soil in Texas are not very fertile. Crops like cotton and wheat are grown in this part of Texas though. These are some of the only crops that can be grown here.
To the North Central Texas you will come across one of those types of soil in Texas that are similar to the ones mentioned above. Here you will find, what are known as, the Grand Prairie Soils. Surface drainage here is extremely rapid which means this land is not suitable for the growth of plants and crops and it is mostly used for the growth of beef cattle. Some grains are grown here for the cattle but that’s about it. This area, too, faces the problem of lack of soil moisture and infertility due to wind erosion.
As you can see, most types of soil in Texas are of poor quality and growth of crops in these regions is quite difficult. While these types of soil in Texas can be used for some crops, even these are not grown in large numbers and nor are they suitable for exports because they are merely grown to feed the cattle. Wind erosion is a problem in most of these areas because the wind strips the soil of those nutrients and minerals that actually make the soil ideal for crop growth and plants.