What are the different types of anemia? Anemia is a blood disease that occurs when the blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells in them. You see, the blood needs these red blood cells in order to bring oxygen into the tissues. A common symptom that most anemic people notice is that they feel fatigue and weak at all times. However, there are more symptoms as they are different in each of the types of anemia. Yes, there are many, many types of anemia. In fact, there are around 400 different types, but most of them are quite rare. Here are the most common types of anemia so you can understand them better.
The most common types of anemia are iron deficiency anemia. This happens when the body is too weak that it doesn’t produce the amount of hemoglobin needed by the blood. This is the type of anemia that usually incurs during pregnancy. When a woman gets pregnant, the body’s need for iron gets doubled. This need sometimes leads to not having enough hemoglobin in the body, hence the anemia.
Aplastic anemia is among the types of anemia that causes the bone marrow to get damaged because of the inability of the blood to make enough red blood cells. Most of the time, aplastic anemia is caused by outside factors such as exposure to chemicals, chemotherapy, and x-rays. There are, however, instances that the aplastic anemia causes do not get known. When these occur, most studies believe that the anemia is caused by autoimmune.
Pernicious anemia occurs when Vitamin B12 in the blood in insufficient. This usually occurs when the intestines of your body cannot absorb the Vitamin B12 it needs. Vitamin B12 is the nutrient that enables the body to create red blood cells – and as you may know by now, the lack of red blood cells mean anemia. A common cause of these types of anemia includes improper diet.
Trauma related anemia involved the types of anemia that, well, are triggered when the body experiences a certain type of trauma. This usually happens when the body loses a considerable amount of red blood cells. The good thing about these types of anemia is that it can easily be treated. This is so because when the blood loss is stopped, then the anemia can be cured as well.
Lastly, we have sickle cell anemia. Among all the types, this is the one that pertain to hereditary conditions. You see, when at least one of your parents, especially your mother, is anemic she can easily pass this to you. Also there are just certain genetic forms that bring about these types of anemia. The sickle cell anemia is described as the changing of the shape of red blood cells. They form a crescent shape which tends to break down quite easily. When this happens, not much red blood cells remain in the body, which then leads to anemia. Among all the types of anemia, these are the ones that are most commonly seen in people that have Arabic, Mediterranean, and African descent.