Different types of zonings are existent, but not many are aware of it. Zoning policies or jurisdictions, and even codes and symbols vary from one place to another. It does not necessarily mean that if you spot a C-1 type of zoning code in one city, that’ll automatically be the same C-1 in another.
The local city government usually issues any type of zoning with a letter. This letter is usually the first letter of the type of zoning in a geographical area. For example, R is used for the residential type of zoning, C is for the commercial and the letter I is used for the industrial type. Following this letters, a number is also used. This number, on the other hand, represents the level of use or a particular amount of square footage for that certain property.
But what is zoning? And what is the main purpose of zoning? Zoning is a planning made and used by majority of local governments in various developed countries around the globe. Different types of zonings are made and are classified according to their uses. The practice of zoning itself mostly focuses on the designation of land uses based on mapped zones that will separate each set of land uses fro the others. Zoning can also indicate the regulations on which the land will and may be used, or it can regulate building height, lot coverage, and similar characteristics. But the main purpose of the different types of zoning is that to segregate the uses and other developments that can be considered incompatible to the land area. Certain types of zoning prevent new developments and upgrading that can interfere with the existing residents and/or businesses around that particular lot area.
Types of zoning are as follows: Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural, Rural, Combination, Historic, and Esthetic. However, in the United States, these types of zoning are commonly used: Euclidean Zoning, Performance Zoning, Incentive Zoning and Form-based Zoning.
The residential type of zoning usually governs residential land areas like areas with condominiums, subdivisions, apartments, and trailer parks. This type of zoning deals with certain issues such as controlling and implementing on how many pets can a residence acquire or have. The common household pets (cats and dogs) aren’t really strictly regulated; but poultry and cattle have certain requirements before successfully be cleared and allowed to reside in that area. Commercial zoning covers the business issues and uses of a certain property. Almost every lot can be zoned and considered as a commercial area, even real estate properties; with the exception of single-family homes and duplexes. The industrial type of zoning has similarities with the commercial zoning, except that environmental factors, like noises, garbage segregation and others, have the ability to determine and place a business area on whatever industrial level. The agricultural type of zoning, on the other hand, protects the land areas that are used by farmers and their respective communities and groups. Subsidies and benefits for farmers and various farming communities are covered by this type of zoning.
The type of zoning called rural zoning is often used for zoning farms and ranches. They cover the issues and problems that arise and are bother by various horse and cattle owners in the area. The combination zoning literally defines its purpose and this is the combination of various zoning types. This combination can be in any number and quantity. The majority of this combined type of zoning is unique and relevant to the area that implemented and supported it. Historic type of zoning covers the houses, buildings and any other establishments that are known to be fifty years old and more. This type of zoning has certain rules and regulations regarding the alteration, renovation, repair and/or restoration of these decade or century old colossal equipments. The last type of zoning is called the esthetic zoning. Esthetic zoning covers the landscaping, garden design, color schemes and other little but essential stuff like fences, gates, mailboxes, solar discs and other various apparatuses a household can have. This type of zoning can be normally seen around a subdivision on which houses have the same hue of colors, same materials used for the construction and same garden landscaping. Wireless connections can also be affected by this type of zoning.
The US based zonings, Euclidean, Performance, Incentive and Form-based erupted and was formed throughout the years and political beliefs and shifts. The first type, the Euclidean type of zoning originally came and was first adopted and implemented in the town of Euclid, Ohio. This type of zoning focuses on the segregation of each land use into specified areas and groups. Euclidean zoning unfortunately also limits the developmental activity and progress of each city and/or land that adopted this type of zoning. Performance zoning is also known as the ‘effects-based planning’. Its main purpose is to provide flexibility and accountability. Unlike the Euclidean zoning, this type of zoning wants to accommodate market principles and to provide and satisfy the rights of each private property with environmental protection.
The third US-based type of zoning called the incentive zoning focuses primarily on the reward-based system thus encouraging back to back developments on their land areas. Incentive zoning was first established on Chicago and New York City. The last type of zoning in the United States is the form-based zoning. This zoning regulates and cares not about type on which one may use the land; instead it oversees the overall form and space the development on the land may take.
These are the different type of zonings that are implemented all around the globe. Now, whenever you encounter an I-5 type of signage, you may now detect and know that the type of zoning used is Industrial Zoning. Hopefully, thru this article, you grasped the basic regulations, principles and goals various types of zonings holds and keeps.