Water is a basic necessity of life which is the reason why there are different types of water management techniques. Water is naturally in pure form since the relation between oxygen and hydrogen atoms is very strong. But one challenge the world is facing is that nearly all water supply in the world share space with manmade pollutants, minerals, chemicals, and organic materials. This results to the contamination of water through the injection of viruses, deadly bacteria, and other agents that cause disease. The good news is mankind has now developed different types of water management methods that make our water safe for human consumption.
Setling is the most common of all types of water management techniques. Water that is gathered from natural sources can be kept in a serene container, allowing particles in the water to settle down to the bottom. After the particles have settled down, water at the top part of the container can then be sieved and taken out for consumption. This is one of the oldest types of water management techniques and is still a very useful technique today. But this method of water management has several negative sides. It might take a lot of time for all particles to settle down completely which will not be ideal for someone in urgent need of water. But the settling water management technique will be more ideal if the water is from a relatively clean source such as water from a mountain stream in isolated areas.
Boiling method is faster and more thorough than some other types of water management techniques. In this process, water is first filtered before it is put in a clean container and boiled. The filtration process will ensure that larger water contaminants are first removed. The boiling process will kill the smaller contaminants and make sure that bacterial is eliminated completely from the water. But the boiling process has to be prolonged a bit to ensure that no microorganism will survive after the boiling process.
Once the water temperature has cooled, it will become safe to drink. However, one negative side of the boiling process is that inorganic substances may still be present after boiling. This is the reason why it is important to filter the water before boiling. Again, it will take a long time if you are boiling large quantity of water.
Of all the types of water management processes, chemical disinfection is the quickest way of destroying bacteria. By adding iodine to water, it becomes instantly purified and safe for drinking. You don’t have to wait for a long time for the water to reach a certain boiling process and then allow it to cool before drinking. So, the addition of chlorine or iodine-based tablets can make water safe for drinking. Those that are allergic to iodine can decide to use chlorine instead. Swimming pool operators also prefer the use of chemicals than other types of water management processes since it destroys a lot of contaminants that come through fecal matter.