Types Of Trees In Ohio

There are several types of trees in ohio which are mainly classified into softwood trees and hardwood trees. Some of the most popular ones include white ash, black birch, red oak, American Elm, and tuliptree.

White ash

This is one of the most common types of trees in Ohio which is frequently used as shades in urban areas. They are harvested from the forest to make firewood, furniture, and baseball bats. They are regarded as the best among ashes.

Black Birch

Black Birch usually grows better in moist ravines. They are used as veneer or finish wood and are often varnished or stained. Black birch is one of the hardest types of trees in Ohio. It derives its name from the black cherry because of its resemblance to the tree.

Red Oak

The red oak is very common in Ohio and the eastern region of United States. It is also one of the toughest types of trees in Ohio as they are predominantly used in the Ohio timber industry for flooring, furniture, railroad ties, and the production of beams. It is one of the types of trees in Ohio that has several usages.

American Elm

This special tree was highly regarded among all types of trees in Ohio but its significance has taken the route of the American Chestnut. Their major threat to existence is the Dutch Elm disease.


It derives its name from the silhouette of its leaves and the look of its showy flowers. Tuliptree is among the most elegant types of trees in Ohio .They look like tulips and share the same similarity of fluttering leaves.

Below is an exhaustive list of the different types of trees in Ohio and their botanical names.

– Aspen, Quaking Populus tremuloides

– Aspen, Bigtooth Populus grandidentata

– Ash, White Fraxinus americana

– Ash, Green Fraxinus pennsylvanica

– Ash, Blue Fraxinus quadrangulata

– Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis

– Alder, European Black Alnus glutinosa

– Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

– Butternut Juglans cinerea

– Burning Bush Euonymus alatus

– Buckthorn, Common Rhamnus cathartica

– Buckeye, Yellow Aesculus flava

– Buckeye, Ohio Aesculus glabra

– Boxelder Acer negundo

– Blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium

– Birch, Yellow Betula alleghaniensis

– Birch, River Betula nigra

– Birch, Black Betula lenta

– Beech, Blue Carpinus caroliniana

– Beech, American Fagus grandifolia

– Basswood, American Tilia americana

– Baldcypress Taxodium distichum

– Cucumbertree Magnolia acuminata

– Cranberrybush, American Viburnum trilobum

– Crabapple, Sargent Malus sargentii

– Crabapple, American Malus coronaria

– Cottonwood, Eastern Populus deltoides

– Coffeetree, Kentucky Gymnocladus dioicus

– Chokeberry, Black Aronia melanocarpa

– Chestnut, Chinese Castanea mollissima

– Chestnut, American Castanea dentata

– Cherry, Black Prunus serotina

– Cedar, Eastern Red Juniperus virginiana

– Catalpa, Northern Catalpa speciosa

– Mulberry Morus species

– Maple, Sugar Acer saccharum

– Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum

– Maple, Red Acer rubrum

– Maidenhair Tree Ginkgo biloba

– Locust, Honey Gleditsia triacanthos

– Locust, Black Robinia pseudoacacia

– Larch, Eastern Larix laricina

– Horsechestnut Aesculus hippocastanum

– Hophornbeam, American Ostrya virginiana

– Honeysuckle, Amur Lonicera maackii

– Hickory, Shellbark Carya laciniosa

– Hickory, Shagbark Carya ovata

– Hickory, Bitternut Carya cordiformis

– Hemlock, Eastern Tsuga canadensis

– Hazelnut Corylus americana

– Hawthorn, Washington Crataegus

– Hawthorn Crataegus species

– Hackberry Celtis occidentalis

– Fir, Balsam Abies balsamea

– Elm, Slippery Ulmus rubra

– Elm, American Ulmus americana

– Dogwood, Silky Cornus amomum

– Dogwood, Flowering Cornus florida

– Pine, Scotch Pinus sylvestris

– Pine, Red Pinus resinosa

– Pine, Pitlolly Pinus rigida x taeda

– Pine, Loblolly Pinus taeda

– Pine, Austrian Pinus nigra

– Persimmon Diospyros virginiana

– Pawpaw Asimina triloba

– Osage-Orange Maclura pomifera

– Oak, White Quercus alba

– Oak, Swamp White Quercus bicolor

– Oak, Swamp Chestnut Quercus michauxii

– Oak, Shumard Quercus shumardii

– Oak, Shingle Quercus imbricaria

– Oak, Scarlet Quercus coccinea

– Oak, Sawtooth Quercus acutissima

– Oak, Red Quercus rubra

– Oak, Pin Quercus palustris)

– Oak, English Quercus robur

– Oak, Chinquapin Quercus muehlenbergii

– Oak, Chestnut Quercus prinus

– Oak, Bur Quercus macrocarpa

– Oak, Black Quercus velutina

– Willow, Streamco Salix purpurea

– Willow, Black Salix nigra

– Walnut, Black Juglans nigra

– Viburnum, Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum

– Tupelo, Black Nyssa sylvatica

– Tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera

– Tree-of-Heaven Ailanthus altissima

– Sycamore Platanus occidentalis

– Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua

– Sumac, Smooth Rhus glabra

– Spruce, White Picea glauca

– Spruce, Norway Picea abies

– Spruce, Colorado Picea pungens

– Spicebush Lindera benzoin

– Serviceberry, Thicket Amelanchier canadensis

– Sassafras Sassafras albidum

– Rose, Rugosa Rosa rugosa

– Redbud Cercis canadensis

– Plum, American Prunus americana

– Pine, White Pinus strobus

– Pine, Virginia Pinus virginiana