There are quite a number of plants that grow in diverse places. A place where a plant grows is called its habitat and there are many types of plants habitat that acts as homes for plants. The types of plants habitat are important because plants adapt according to their surroundings.
One of the types of plant habitat is the aquatic habitats. There thousands of plants that live in fresh water habitats including the edges, surfaces or the bottom of lakes, rives and ponds. You will also find some plants that thrive in areas that are temporarily flooded and in springs. Some plants will grow in streams or in waterlogged areas and there are plants that will grow in the man made drainage systems. Aquatic plants are universal in nature and can be found in any part of the world.
Another type of plant habitat is the alpines where a community of plants that live in high altitudes is found. Alpine plants grow in the alpine climate that takes place in high elevations above tree lines. There quite a number of alpine plants species that are found in the alpine environ and they adapt to difficult conditions of such an environment of low temperatures, aridity and short growing seasons.
The types of plant habitat in the tropical areas have lots of rainfall warmth and humidity. The tropical plants use their roots system to adapt to their environment by becoming more fibrous and increasing the branching of their roots for support. The roots are found on the surface of the soil and some use water instead of soil for their support. Because they require lots of sunlight, tropical plants have larger leaves or produce many leaves.
Other types of plant habitat include tropical grasslands and desert. The savanna grasslands is of particular note and is mostly found in Africa, in India, in Australia, in Nepal and in the Americas. The drought resistant shrubs and grasses, the acacia trees and the baobab trees are part of the tropical plants. The desert area have adapted properly to conserving water because they must survive the hot days.
Basically, the habitats of plants can be categorized into three namely the terrestrial habitats, the freshwater habitats and the marine habitats. Forests, grasslands, desserts and rainforests are part of the terrestrial habitats. Freshwater habitats are found in bogs and lakes and also in rivers and streams. The marine habitats for plants include the oceans which cover over 70% of the earth’s surface.
There are other classifications of plant habitats such as the carnivorous plant habitats. Carnivorous plants depend on animals for existence and they are found in areas that are seasonally or permanently wet. The soil where carnivorous plants are found is generally thin and very poor in nutrients.
There are pitcher plant habitats, flowering plants habitats, seedless plant habitats, vascular and non-vascular plant habitats. There are also insectivorous plant habitats, mangrove plant habitats and plain and hills plants habitats. There are plants that do well in cold regions and plants that live in marshlands.