types of music in peru
Peru is a country with vibrant cultural diversity and music is one of the important art form. There are different types of music in Peru and they are all influenced by cultural diversity of the country that is rooted on the Andean, Spanish and African heritage. The most popular types of music in Peru are Traditional music, Chicha and Afro-Peruvian music.
When we talk about the traditional types of music in Peru, defining panpipes is inevitable because panpipes are integral parts of Peruvian traditional music. Even though modern panpipes are played by group of performers with more than two performers, traditional panpipe performance strictly had only two performers.
Panpipes are made in such a way that each contains an alternative note that is in full scale and the pipes share the melody. Due to this characteristic feature of alternate notes, two performers are required to complete a full tune and this is done using the hocket technique. This can be interpreted as the symbolic representation of the reciprocity that is present in the Peruvian community and apart from the symbolism; this method helps the performers to stay away from the problem of dizziness caused by continuous breathing.
AFRO – PERUVIAN MUSIC
Afro-Peruvian music is rooted on the heritage of the slave community in Peru that was brought to Peru from Africa for various works such as mine works. These types of music in Peru were very unique and distinguished themselves from other music types in Peru in all its features by their African traditions. However, Afro-Peruvian music was not quite popular or famous until the 1950s and it was little known even in Peru itself. The performer called Nicodemes Santa Cruz brought fame to this music type in the late 1950s. A Peruvian group called Peru Negros took this fame to a further step in the 1970s and made the afro-Peruvian music to a next level.
Nicodemes Santa Cruz is the most noted figure in terms of Afro-Peruvian music and can be considered as who brought an Afro-Peruvian identity into the society through the black music. The four album set, named cumanama, by Santa Cruz is considered as the bible of the Afro-Peruvian music. Afro-Peruvian music gave a boost to the Afro-Peruvian dance also and both art forms got popularity in Latin America.
Chicha is the name of a fermented alcohol drink and one among the most popular types of music in Peru got its name from this drink. Chicha music’s origin can be traced back to the huge immigration of Amerindians and the origin of these types of music in Peru is credited to the Amerindians. Chicha is considered as the most popular urban music in Peru and it was emerged in Lima in the early 1960s. Chicha music bands are very similar to the western music bands and almost all types of musical instruments can be used in chicha music.
The different types of music in Peru are the strong example of cultural diversity of the country.