Socialism is term that is quite generalized and a common feature cannot be attributed to the different types of government socialism. Different people have different views on socialism and they like to define socialism as a philosophy or outlook on economic system and the type of society.
Marxian socialisms are the types of government socialism that is based entirely on Karl Max’s view on government systems and his labor theory. Such types of government socialism are popular for their distaste on capitalism and tried to promote the Marx’s labor theory. In such systems, the government has the central control over everything concerned with the state and individual opinions are never considered. The government controls everything including industries, media and even religion.
A major concern with these types of government socialism is that personal freedom is lost. The government can decide what an individual can do with his life and his interest is not concerned. Even though this is a government system that can implement solid and strong decisions that are concerned with economy and security of the state, any development of the state is not of much value because people cannot enjoy their life the way they want.
Revisionism is an ideology adopted by the revisionist types of government socialism and the distinguished features are state developed education system and regulation of monopolies. The regulations were mainly on things such as gas and fuel and this gave them the nickname gas socialist governments. However, revisionist socialist governments are considered to be more liberal than Marxian socialist governments.
State socialism is an idea that is similar to Marxian socialism in which the government considers any aspect concerned with the state economy to be their responsibility. In these types of government socialism the government considers all economical firms to be owned by the government. Government imposes rules and regulations on industries and such enterprises and they have the complete authority over such things. The interest of industries and enterprises are not considered and all decisions are made in favor to the general public interest. However, these types of government socialism are more liberal and have more freedom in terms of expression of ideas, religion and personal choices.
The main disadvantage of such governments are that their policy on economy has caused the shutdown of many industrial firms and in fact brought a negative effect on the economy rather than the positive effect which was intended.
Syndicalism is a type of socialism that was more focused on the self-interest to chase power and tried to discourage the self-interest to chase money. They focused more on uniting people towards a common goal and workers unions are the best example for syndicalist movements. In a workers union, the members work for a common interest and welfare of the entire union and personal interests were not a big concern to them. Such governments succeeded to an extent in ensuring the social welfare even if they didn’t impose many regulations on everything.