types of government in the middle east
Middle East has witnessed lot of changes in the way of their administration and the current governments in most of the countries are the results of a big evolution. There are different types of government in the Middle East that vary so much in character and structure.
There are a few countries that have presidential republic types of government in the Middle East. Even though it has presidential republics, most of the countries do not exercise full democracy and follow an Islamic constitution under presidential rule. Countries such as Iran, Iraq, Syria etc. follow presidential systems but they don’t behave much like democratic presidential republics and often fall under the monopoly of elected presidents. Countries such as Lebanon, Yemen etc. follows presidential types of government in the Middle East that are more democratic.
Absolute monarchy is the common types of government in the Middle East and a few countries still follow this system. In absolute monarchy, a king of a particular royal family will rule the country and, the king will have the complete authority over the country and people. Saudi Arabia is an example for absolute monarchy in the Middle East.
Constitutional monarchy types of government in the Middle East are similar to that of absolute monarchy but with the difference that the head of the state, who will be a monarch, acts according to the guidelines of the constitution of that country. Such governments will have an elected parliament also. However, the king or the monarch has final authority and unique powers in many things. Kuwait is an example for the types of government in the Middle East that follows constitutional monarchy.
Islamic governments are those governments that have constitutions based on Islamic beliefs and laws. These types of government in the Middle East follow a similar system to that of parliamentary governments with presidents and the difference lies in the Islamic constitution that the government follows.
Secular democracy is not very common in Middle East. Secular democracy types of government in the Middle East follow parliamentarian system that has a constitution based on secular and democratic values and religion do not play any role in the government of such countries. Turkey is an example for a country with such a government. Despite the majority Muslim population of the country, Turkey follows a secular and democratic government that has given freedom of practice of any religion.
Even though Middle East countries have many things in common, their way of life and attitude are different and these factors are reflected in the types of government they have formed. While some countries have radical and orthodox systems, there are many countries that follow very liberal and democratic types of government in the Middle East. There is no feature that can be attributed as common to all governments in the Middle East because each country follows governments that are unique and different in their own ways.