What are the types of orchids? The all types of orchids are considered to be the most beautiful exotic flowers, orchids are the flowers known since ancient times. They are found on all continents except Antarctica, the orchid family counts about 30,000 species.
There are 3 types of orchids:
Land – they have normal roots, they grow in specific soil and temperate and cold zones.
Epiphyte – they live in tropical areas, hanging from trees. Have aerial roots that help them obtain water and grow to reach the light.
Lithophyte – grow in rocky soils and are very poor in nutrients.
Orchid flowers have a diversity of impressive variety of shapes, sizes and colors. Their dimensions may vary from a few millimeters’ up to a maximum of 50 cm in maximum flowering stage. Depending on the species, flowers are grouped in whitlow or solitary. Are species that are grown in hanging baskets for stems and flowers grow down?
Growing and caring for all types of orchids, especially in the case of the commerce, it is not difficult as long as conditions are respected of light, humidity and temperature of the place of origin. The light must be correlated with places of origin of the species. Some light orhidee worship, but without sun directly for them being perfect positioning on the windows facing east or west; others prefer shade, and their location on the windows facing to the north is perfect. Must be taken into account that all species need to have light when they form buds and flowers. When leaves change their color, it means that it has changed the level of lighting. You can realize if the plant receives the light necessary in several ways. If green leaves have a very closed, may have to be placed somewhere where it’s lighter. On the other hand, if leaves have a reddish tint, then probably light is too strong and therefore it will move more in the shade.
Transplantation is done once every 2-4 years because of substrate degradation but it never during the period of growth and flowering. Be used small pots mare from clay or plastic. The simplest method of propagating this types of orchids is split bush. This applies to plants well-developed, but without affecting her health.Types of orchids still propagated by cuttings or seeds. Depending on the species temperature is between 10 gr. C to limit cold night and 30 gr. C to limit warm day.Thermal difference between day and night must be at least 5 gr. C.When heat is too intense for the needs of plant, there are burns and necrosis. Orchids vary from one species to another but all have a period of intense growth and a rest.So that, in the period of rest entire plant is sprays it less often, and after this period has been completed and plant returns to the period of the growing season, wetting is resumed. But it is also noted that some types of orhidee as Odontoglossum, Cymbidium, Miltonia need more water than others and the land shall be wet all the time.