Your knowledge of the types of sentences and clauses can be your key to writing the best kinds of stories and narratives. You see, it is a very good idea that you get to know these types of sentences and clauses as you will need to use them in many different things and circumstances. Whether you are writing a report, a research, or merely a fictional story, it is best that you know these types of sentences and clauses to be able to effective write them.
The simple sentence or the independent clause is the first and the most basic types of sentences and clauses that we will discuss. As the name implies, this is a sentence that is very simple. It is known to be straightforward as well. They are called independent clauses because they express a complete thought. These types of sentences and clauses are composed of a subject and a verb. An example of a simple sentence is ‘Juan and Lucas are going to school.’ If you will notice, the sentence is talking about the subjects Juan and Lucas. The verb is the action word that describes what they are doing, going to school.
The compound sentences are sentences that have two independent clauses. This means that these are sentences that look like two simple sentences that are joined together. They are joined by coordinators such as yet, or, nor, and, for, and many others. The use of commas is seen here as well to separate the two independent clauses from each other. Indeed, you will get to use lots of these types of sentences and clauses if you are planning to write reports, researches, and stories. An example of the compound types of sentences and clauses is ‘Juan is studying, so Lucas watched TV.’ You can see that the subjects are the same. There are two verbs ‘studying’ and ‘watched’, and the coordinator used is ‘so’.
The complex sentences are the ones that are composed by an independent clause together with depended clauses or a dependent clause. A dependent clause is a clause that does not express a complete thought and hence it is dependent to the other types of sentences and clauses present beside it. In compound sentences, coordinators are used. Here, subordinators are used. These subordinators include since, because, although, and many more. The use of comma is not required but you can still freely do so. An example of these types of sentences and clauses is ‘Juan is playing football although he forgot his upcoming exams.’ The independent clause there is ‘Juan is playing football’. The dependent clause is ‘he forgot his upcoming exams’.
You see, just getting to know these types of sentences and clauses will give you the advantage of being able to write more effective sentences. This is why you must be able to master these three as they are the most basic knowledge that you will need if you want to become a good writer in the near future.