Research and development is important for the progress, growth and expansion of any of the various types of industries, companies and organizations in the world of today. Each one of these types is used for different reasons. In some cases the research may be carried out for development in the future while in other cases research may be carried out with no intention of working towards any form of development. Regardless there are different types of research and development and some of these may not be carried out on an organization level but more on a personal level.
There are those types of research and development that are scientific and are obviously carried out by organizations that are in some field or the other of science. By way of example, NASA carries out these types of research and development so that they are able to develop machines and vehicles that would allow them to explore outer space and the effects of planets and such like on Earth. They also use these to discover life forms on other planets and it is due to these types of research and development projects that we know so much about what is going on in outer space.
Then, there are those types of research and development projects that are carried out by people in humanitarian fields. For example, research may be carried out about why there is so much poverty in a particular country, state or nation and upon research and development of these reasons it would be possible to tackle so many issues such as crimes, poverty, hunger and other issues of the sort. Sociologists usually conduct such types of research and development projects in the hope of improving the social structure of a society and for the benefit of people living in a particular region.
Some types of research and development are carried out by businesses to develop certain products and to make certain services or products more available in the market. For example a company involved in the production of whey protein and other types of products would survey the market and how these products could influence and affect the human body so that they are, then, able to provide people with the product that they want and demand. This way they give people what they want and when people invest in these, the profits of the business is increased.
Pharmaceuticals also carry out different types of research and development in order to come up with medicines, methods, and strategies that would help get rid of certain issues in the world or slow them down from escalating and spreading to a wider extent. The pharmaceutical industry is probably one industry that is the biggest one in the world and most research and development projects in the industry are heavily funded by governments in the hope of eradicating certain issues.
These are some types of research and development projects that are carried out though there are countless others that are known of too.