We all know that blood transfusions are critical and you must be able to identify the types of reactions to blood transfusions so as to be able to get to know what you can do remedy it as soon as possible. You see, you must first be able to identify your blood type in order for the medical professionals to give you the right and compatible blood. But if mistakes occur, then the types of reactions to blood transfusions will show and you must be able to prepare when this happens because they can be really bad.
Acute hemolytic types of reactions to blood transfusions occurs when the blood transfused are mistakenly given. These do not happen often, but they can cause grave danger to the person who experiences it. Symptoms that will show when this occurs include fever and chills. The vein being transfused with the blood will be painful as well. The people who have experienced these types of reactions to blood transfusions say that they get the feeling of doom impending to happen.
Delayed Hemolytic types of reactions to blood transfusions, on the other hand, will show symptoms such as fever as well. As the name implies, these types of reactions to blood transfusions show delayed reactions and hence will most likely show 8 days after the transfusion is done. The bad thing about these types of reactions to blood transfusions is that they mostly come undetected.
Febrile is among the types of reactions to blood transfusions too. Here, the patient will experience a chills and increase of temperature or fevers. This happens when the antibodies of the blood reacts with the leukocytes of the transfused blood. The Cytokines are affected by these as well. In 8 counts of blood transfusions, 1 patient will experience this.
Urticarias are among the allergic types of reactions to blood transfusions. This occurs when the patient is allergic with the proteins that are present in the foreign blood that is transfused to them. Some of the symptoms related to this include laryngeal edema. .
Anaphylaxis is one other allergic types of reactions to blood transfusions. This is rare and does not happen to many people. These are known to be caused when an anti-IgA substance is found in the blood that was transfused to the patient. The most common symptoms of this include instability of the cardiovascular areas. This means that there will be hypertension and possibility to have cardiac arrest and shock. This is how serious this allergic reaction really is.
TRALI is a reaction to blood transfusion too but it is more of a complication. Here, presence of antibodies is seen in the blood plasma of the donor. This then leads to inflammation of many parts of the body. The thing about TRALI is that it is known to be easily resolved. As a matter of fact, it is known that TRALI can be resolved within as quick as 72 hours. This can be done as well in 10 percent of the known TRALI cases.