Types Of Wolves
Learn more about the different Types Of Wolves. Wolf (Canis lupus) is part of Phylum Chordate, Subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia. The family Canidae included three genera Canis with eight species. More widespread species are Canis lupus (wolf), Canis aurous (jackal), Canis latrans (coyote), Vidua Vidua (fox), Alopex lagopus (fox polar), Nyctereutes procynoides (enotul). Wolf is the largest member of the family Canidae, with the exception of certain breeds of domestic dogs (Canis familiars).
Adult females weigh between 18-55kg and measured 1, 37 -1, 52 m overall length; males weigh 20-70 kg and 1, 27 -1, 64 m total length, depending on the subspecies. All types of wolves have long hair and varying in color, from white to gray sprayer and brown, and may be reached from black coal. As a general rule in Romania wolf hair is color in gray. Most types of wolves lives 15-16 years but in savagery may reach only 10 years. Age can be appreciate with approximation by tooth wear.
In terms of development ontogeny, wolves are classified as: new born: 0-6 months; juveniles: 0 6-18m; sub adult: 18-30 months; adults: more than 30 months. Because of habitat destruction environmental change, persecution by man, gray wolves are today only in a few regions of the United States, Alaska, Canada, Europe and Asia.
All types of wolves senses are highly developed, and in particular the smell and sight, such as the wolf can the hunt as well as at night (the time preferred for hunting), as well as day and in the morning . Wolves have a resistance to pain and are fearless in battle proofing intelligence.
When they hunt all types of wolves uses different moves, from enveloping the flanks of prey in a gradual manner. Wolf manages to inform and to bypass traps. Adult Wolf howling on the different vocal ranges and this is a way to communicate between members pack. Shedding occurs, in general fall in temperate zones. Running speed exceed 60 km/h.
Basic social unit of types of wolves population is the pair. Known variations include:
-a male and two female mature;
-a mature male, his successor (for 1 – 2 years) for a previous and the new partner;
-a mature female with a new partner and his younger brother.
There is a reason to believe that other combinations would not be possible. There are two reports of packs consisting of males; however, it may be possible to be temporary until finding the pair. In Yellowstone has been observed in a pack which contained two males and 4 females. These wolves have produced two puppies in separate burrows.
An exception poorly understood from basic models is cases when foreign wolves join a pack already contains a breeding pair. They were called ”adopted” to distinguish them from wolves that come in the pack to replace a reproductive partner. Most are male adoptee and most adoptions take place from February to May.
All types of wolves mark their territory with secretions smell. These signs warn the wolves from vicinity that the territory is them.