What are the types of skin diseases? There are different levels and types of diseases that affect the body. Just like so many other kind of diseases in the medical field, there are a wide range of afflictions that are only common to the skin. These conditions that affect the skin are normally referred to as skin diseases. They are caused by allergic reactions, bacterial infections, fungal infections, and complications resulting from medical conditions. There are different types of skin diseases and their classifications are based on their causative agents. Some of the most occurring skin diseases include fungal, cancerous, bacterial, viral, and inflammatory disorders.
Inflammatory disorders come in form of rashes and visible pigments on the skin. Some of the most common ones include psoriasis, dermatitis, acne, and eczema. Some of these3 conditions stay for long term and their symptoms include blisters, swelling, redness, raised plaques, and lesions on the skin. Also, most of these skin diseases can become itchy and when left untreated, they can result to skin pains in severe cases. When the symptoms appear on the skin, treatment should commence immediately in order to prevent severe conditions of disfigurement, scarring, or continued spread of the disease.
Medications for this kind of skin conditions are usually administered to relieve skin dryness, swelling, and itching. Topical ointments are usually given to patients to apply to the affected areas of the skin.
Viral skin diseases
Viral diseases are normally caused by some form of virus. A large number of viral diseases are usually accompanied by uncomfortable conditions like skin rash and fevers. Measles and Chicken pox are two of the most common types of viral skin diseases. Slight fever is the initial symptom of chicken pox after which blistering rashes appears on the affected skin. Another type of viral skin disease is the Herpes 1 and 2 which are spread through physical contact. Normally, an individual suffering from Herpes 1 would start noticing some cold sores on his lips. Later, the symptoms will then develop into blisters that are usually painful. For Herpes 2, the symptoms are also painful and itchy, and normally form on the genitals. There are topical medications available for the treatment of viral infections. Those with chicken pox are encouraged to take vaccinations. Till date, there has not been a permanent cure for the herpes viruses which could stop the reoccurrence of the disease on an individual.
Skin cancer is among the deadliest types of skin diseases. It is primarily caused by the exposure of light rays from the sun. This type of skin disease has been on a steady increase in recent times especially among the male population. The disease is also caused by tanning beds.
One can actually prevent the occurrence of skin cancer by desisting from the use of tanning beds. You can also apply sun block on the skin and always use a lip balm everyday to reduce the chance of its occurrence. When the disease is detected early enough, it can be cured completely. People with light skin tones, light eyes, and light hair are the most vulnerable to skin cancer.
This type of skin disease occurs as a result of an infection of microscopic fungi. These organisms feed on dead skin cell, and are mostly harmless. However, their rapid reproduction can cause a lot of problems to the body. The most common types of fungal infections are athlete’s foot and ringworm.
Bacterial skin diseases
Bacterial diseases of the skin are usually caused by staphylococci, and this bacterium is responsible for the largest number of skin diseases. There are many diseases in this category. Some of them are mild while some other are life threatening. These types of skin diseases include scabies, folliculitis, MRSA, cellulitis, impetigo, and necrotizing fasciitis, which is arguably the most dreaded skin disease of all.