Our brain captures events and experiences that are represented in different types of memory episodic in our brain. These experiences are reconstructed and presented in a serial nature to help us remember them when the need arises. The types of memory episodic in our brains capture autobiographic events (emotions, places, times, and other related events) that occur throughout our lifetime. People see themselves as the main participants in these events, and the entire context and emotional charge surrounding these events is always part of the memory. For instance, if you recall what happened on your year of graduation, it is an episodic memory. They ensure that you can recollect what happened in specific periods and place in the past.
Episodic and semantic memories are the two types of declarative memory, which are the basic types of memory. The other one is implicit memory. Endel Tulving, who coined memory episodic, theorized that episodic memory is the act of remembering a particular event in the past.
He defined 3 distinct types of memory episodic: autonoetic consciousness, connection to the self, and mental time travel (or subjective sense of time).
Autonoetic consciousness are the types of memory episodic that deal with a type of consciousness that enable an individual remember things that happened in the past and be conscious of the role they played in that event. Apart from the work of Tulving, there are other scholars that also emphasized other parts of recollection, which include feelings of familiarity, retrieval of information, narrative structure, and visual imagery.
The events recorded in the episodic memory can give rise to episodic learning. There are different ways we may react to a particular situation after our experience with episodic learning. Someone who gets bitten by a dog will be very aware and conscious of dogs as a result of the experience he or she has had with a dog.
Another important aspect of the different types of memory episodic is recollection. It is a way in which an individual remembers what occurred in a particular event. It is a way of retrieving contextual information pertaining to an experience in an event that happened in the past. Different people have different levels of recollection. While some people have the knack for vividly recollecting things that happened in distant past, others might not remember or remember only vaguely. There are nine basic properties of the different types of memory episodic which distinguish them other kinds of memory. The other memory types might share some of these characteristics with the memory episodic, but they don’t posses all of the characteristics.
1. They can be recollectively experienced when they are accessed.
2. They make the remembering of autobiographical events specific.
3. They are also subject to quick forgetting.
4. They are always represented in temporary form roughly in sequential occurrence.
5. They Represent short-time sequence of experience.
6. They have an observer or a field perspective
7. They are more commonly represented in visual forms
8. They retain inhibition/activation patterns over a long time
9. They always have summary of sensory records which are sent for processing