What are the types of dialysis? The kidneys are important because they filter the toxin from the blood and waste products and toxins. The dialysis is the procedure which replaced many of roles of normal kidneys. Kidney is an organ pair. The types of dialysis treatment allow people to lead a normal life even if kidney is not working properly. This process it is good for the body, by creating the functions which kidney fails to finish. Kidneys have several roles. One of them is to balance fluids in the body by adjustment made to the quantity of urine which is excreted every day.
When it is warm, our body can sweat more than usual. Thus, the kidneys will produce smaller quantities of water which will be eliminated in urine. In cool days, the body will not sweat, and the volume of urine eliminated will be higher to maintain a balance in organism. When toxins are still in the blood, in an appropriate manner, they accumulate in the body. If in the blood is a high level of waste is named azotemia. If the amount of waste increases, there is a bad feeling to the whole body level, called uremia.
Patients who require types of dialysis:
-an increase in the level of serum potassium
-chronic renal insuffiecny
-impending pulmonary edema
To be able to decide whether it is necessary to dialysis will measure keratinize and urea nitrogen levels in the blood. These are the indicators which predict for a fall in the kidneys ability to clean it.
Doctors use a urine test called clearance the keratinize to assess renal function. If the patient is faced with major inability to eliminate excess water in the body or accuse problems of the heart, stomach and changes of taste, or sensations of the feet, types of dialysis may be indicated even if clearance the keratinize has not decreased to 10-12 ccmin per level.
Hemodialysis uses a semipermeable membrane called dialyzer, to clean blood. The invalid will be connected to dialyzer by means of
tubes which will be attached to the blood vessels.
Hemodialysis can have complications of:
-coronary heart diseases
Peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneal membrane as a filter to clear additional waste and fluids in the body and the levels of electrolyte will return to normal.
Advantages of peritoneal dialysis:
-treatment at home
-Control of self-therapy
-lower risk for hepatitis B and C
Peritoneal dialysis can have some complications:
-bleeding site for the procedure
-leaks through the catheter site
Intraperitoneal dialysis equipment:
-Dialyzers or artificial kidney dialyzer are either flat or hollow fiber artificial kidney tubules containing thousands of small tubes, which act as a semipermeable membrane.
A double lumen catheter lumen or multi subclavical is inserted into the vein, internal jugular, or femoral. It can be used for several weeks
The afflicted must follow different diets in the case of two types of dialysis. A diet specialist will recommend a plan of food depending on the type of diet. There are types of dialysis treatment recommended for everyone. In the case of each of us there are arguments pro and contra.