What are the different types of diabetes? Diabetes is a disease wherein a person gets high levels of blood sugar. There are two main causes of this. First, the pancreas might not be producing enough insulin to make the blood sugar levels stable. Second, the cells of the blood might not be responding to the insulin secreted by the pancreas. There are three main types of diabetes. Each of the three has different characteristics and causes. In order to know what to do when you encounter people with diabetes, you should know first the types of diabetes. The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
The Type 1 Diabetes is considered to be autoimmune diseases. When a disease is said to be autoimmune, this means that the immune system of the body is technically turning against their normal work. This means, these types of diabetes attacks the cells that produce the insulin that the blood cells need. Worst, these types of diabetes destroys the insulin cells badly needed in the blood. This only means one thing – the insulin process gets interrupted therefore only little or no insulin is left in the blood. Due to the disruption of insulin production, the people who have these types of diabetes should take insulin daily. The symptoms of these diabetes type include, but are not limited to, fatigue, increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, and constant hunger.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common of the three types of diabetes. Among all the people who have the disease, 90% have these types of diabetes. These are the types of diabetes that are caused by old age, genetics, obesity, physical activity, ethnicity, and gestational diabetes. From this 90%, 80% are overweight. The thing about these types of diabetes is that to date, more and more adolescents are getting diagnosed with type 2. This is mainly because of the lifestyle of the youngsters today. The problem with type 2 diabetes is that it can get confusing for the doctor to detect it. This is because in this type, the pancreas is functioning normally. Here the pancreas is producing the insulin amounts needed by the body. However, the problem is that the body isn’t absorbing them. This is a condition that is so-called insulin resistance. After a couple of years, the insulin production of the pancreas will decrease. Then what happens in type 1 will happen here as well. The symptoms of the Type 2 diabetes include nausea, fatigue, unusual thirst, blurred vision, infections, and slow healing of sores and wounds.
The third type is called gestational diabetes. This is diabetes that is developed by women during pregnancy. As ethnicity is a cause of diabetes, most women who get gestational diabetes are the African American women, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, and many others. Also, gestational diabetes usually occur more in women who already have a family history of having diabetes. Recent studies have shown that almost 50% of the women who had gestational diabetes get developed into the type 2 diabetes after around 5 to 10 years.