A computer peripheral is essentially an external objective which is used to render an input to a computer or receive an output from the computer. It can also be defined as a part of the computer hardware that is contributed to the computer so as to elaborate its abilities. There are various types of computer peripherals that can be added to a computer. One of the main differentiations between the types of computer peripherals is the method by which they are associated to the computer. Basically, the computer peripherals are connected either internally or externally to a computer.
The input peripherals are the types of computer peripherals that normally consist of keyboard, mouse, drawing pad, scanner, touch screen, digital camera, video camera, microphone, MIDI keyboard, pen tablet, and joystick. The input peripherals are quite helpful in accessing certain purposes as typing in the right password in order to approach the program menu. The input device of scanner is considered to be an excellent input peripheral that can be handy in any business environment in order to bring digital images or text into a computer. In addition, these devices can be easily plugged into the computer or can also be connected with the help of cordless setup.
The output peripherals are the types of computer peripherals that generally include the output devices such as monitor, projector, TV, printer, plotter, and speaker. The printer is the output peripheral that proves to be very helpful in sharing various types of documentation of the system activity for instance an annual report to the users etc. On the other hand, monitors are considered to be useful peripherals and help to look the activity on the computer. Same like, speakers are the type of output peripherals that permit you to hear different kind of sounds and is particularly useful for the people taking part is certain online teleconferences and webinars etc. as compared to the internal speakers, the external speakers are considered to render a complete listening experience. The external speakers can be linked either directly to the casing of the computer or with the help of a device that creates low bass frequencies known as sub woofer.
There are certain types of computer peripherals that are both input as well as output for instance external hard drive is quite helpful in storing different files from the computer as a backup. Moreover, hard drives are also very effective in placing files on the machines. A CD or DVD drive and USB flash drive are considered to be one of the excellent input output peripherals used to move files easily from one system to other. In addition, a webcam and microphone are the peripherals that can send as well as receive different types of data. Besides these, other devices that act as both input as well as output device includes digital mixers, MIDI equipment, digital camcorders, and media card readers. In addition to the above mentioned types of computer peripherals, there are many other kinds.