Cellular phones are a symbol of the communication era and economic globalization. As businesses, people, healthcare, and education depend more and more on immediate information exchange and communication, the market for cellular phones will continue to increase. Demand for heightened capabilities and performance in the smartphones of today has led to the development of billions of dollars in telecom industries.
Originally the cellular phone was a large, bulky object with limited range and only one function: it could make and receive calls. Today, even the most basic types of cell phones are capable of taking pictures, sending and receiving text and picture messages, and making calls. The two predominent types of cell phones are the basic phone and the smartphone. With the advent of the smartphone, there is almost nothing that cannot be done on the go. People are able to check and respond to email, take high quality pictures and video, surf the internet, access social media, perform advanced language translation, mathematical calculations and conversions, online banking, video conference, and so much more.
The smartphone market has penetrated even the lowest aspects of the socioeconomic pyramid. Smartphones come in a variety of brands and styles. The two most prominent manufactures of smartphones, which dominate the cell phone market, are Samsung and Apple. The Samsung line of phones includes the Galaxy Nexus, Galaxy S III, Galaxy Stellar, Galaxy Note II, and the ATIV Odyssey. Samsung also produces a line of basic phones: Convoy 2, Cosmos 2, Casio GZOne Ravine 2, Gusto 2, Intensity III, and the Brightside. Apple is not as diverse as the Samsung line and only produces smartphones. Apple is known for its production of the iPhone. Since its original release, the iPhone, iPhone 3, iPhone 3G, iPhone 3GS, iPhone 4, iPhone 4S, and iPhone 5 have all set the standard for smartphone production.
Motorola is a major competitor to the iPhone brand with its line of Droid smartphones. Motorola produces the Droid Razr Maxx, Droid Razr M, Droid Razr HD, and the Droid 4. LG competes with the Spectrum 2, Lucid, and LG Enlighten. HTC is known for its Windows Phone 8X and Droid DNA. Casio and Nokia maintain a small foothold in the smartphone industry with the Commando C771 and Lumina 882, respectively. Blackberry is known for its corporate email functions and international accessibility.
Different types of cell phones operate on bands, or frequencies. These frequencies are determined by governments from sovereign countries. The United States and the European Union use different but overlapping frequencies. A cell phone with a single band will only work in countries that operate cellular devices on that frequency. A multiband, or triband phone, should work internationally. These phones are much more expensive and are available in less varieties. The types of cell phones can be further broken down into the types of operating system the use. The Apple product line utilizes iOS and the Apple App store. Samsung has its own online store and uses the Android operating system. Windows Phones use Windows Mobile and Blackberry devices operate on Blackberry OS 7. The Android market uses the Google Play store and it is the biggest competitor to Apple’s App store. As this market and industry evolve, consumers are seeing that capabilities on different types of cell phones are directly related to the operating systems they utilize.