Being able to know the types of blood reactions is vital knowledge for everyone as we just might one way or the other need to get blood to save our lives. Remember that knowing your blood type is not enough. You must also be able to identify the types of blood reactions so that you will be able to see how dangerous it really is for the body when the wrong types of blood reactions occur.
The types of blood reactions can show symptoms if they are not done right. There are a number of them that you can notice when the wrong types of blood reactions occur. These symptoms include blood being present in your urine, back pain, chills, fever, dizziness, and fainting among others. Remember that these symptoms can possibly not show on the onset of the types of blood reactions too. Sometimes they can take a few days so make sure that you are able to observe well.
Acute hemolytic types of blood reactions occur when the blood transfused to you are incompatible with each other. When this occurs, the red blood cells end up reacting negatively to the antibodies that are present in the blood. These types of blood reactions can lead to a more serious illness, DIC which stands for disseminated intravascular coagulation. It is an illness wherein bleeding will be uncontrollable in the ears, respiratory tract, nose, gastrointestinal tract, and many other parts and organs in the body because of the fact that the clotting mechanism of the blood gets compromised.
Infective shock types of blood reactions pertain to the contamination of the blood because of incompatible blood transfusion. You see, when the wrong blood type is transfused to another, there will be bacterial contamination present in that blood. On the onset of this, hypotension or hypertension will present. If this goes on, patient is likely to collapse and this is why it is very important that you are able to bring the patient to the emergency room right away if this occurs.
There are also types of blood reactions called TRALI. TRALI stands for transfusion related acute lung injury. This is basically a respiratory distress. The main reason behind this is that the plasma component of the blood that was donated contains antibodies that do not work well with the leukocytes. There are a number of symptoms that can show in these blood reactions. The patient can experience fever as well as rigor. He can experience breathlessness as well as cough that is nonproductive. This is because of the fact that the lower fields in the lungs get infiltrated by multiple unhelpful nodules.
Long story cut short, it is always a very important fact that you must be able to get the right blood transfused to your blood stream. You see, there are just four blood types but it you get transfused the wrong blood, then you will surely end up getting these blood reactions and you will not want to go through any of these.