There are basically four types of blood in human body. However, there are many different parts that comprise these types of blood in human body. Before you get to know your blood type, it is still best that you are able to familiarize yourself with what your blood is made up of to be able to understand better how your blood works.
There are four important components that make up the blood. Majority of it are the red blood cells which are the ones containing hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that makes sure that oxygen is bound to the blood. The red blood cells will then carry the oxygen to the heart and take out the carbon dioxide found around the body. Platelets are the components that will make sure that your blood will clot. Plasma is the component that carries proteins, salts, and nutrients all over the body. Lastly, the white blood cells are the components that help the immune system fight any kinds of infections that come in the blood.
Now you are ready to get to know better the types of blood in human body. The four types of blood in human body are O, AB, A and B blood types.
The A types of blood in human body are the blood that is composed of A antigens and B antibodies.
The B types of blood in human body are the blood that is composed of B antigens and A antibodies.
The AB types of blood in human body are the ones that have both A and B antigens but no antibodies.
The O types of blood in human body are the ones that have no antigens and both A and B antibodies.
Antigens are present on the surface area of the red blood cells. They are the proteins that bind the antibodies to the blood. The antibodies, on the other hand, can be found in the blood plasma component. They are the ones that help the white blood cells and the immune system fight infections.
Remember that you must be able to identify the types of blood in human body as when you will need to get transfusions you will need to be able to get the right ones. Not all the types of blood in human body can be mixed together. There can be very dangerous reactions that will happen if incorrect blood transfusions can occur.
You see, if the blood transfusions done are not compatible with one another, you will end up in very serious health problems. You see, the blood can clump if this happens. When the blood clumps, they can clog blood vessels. When blood vessels get clogged, blood circulation will be affected. When the red blood cells rupture, the hemoglobin gets released. When this happens they become toxic and can be fatal to the person.
This is how important it is that you get to know and understand how blood types work. Just make sure that you know yours so that doctors will be able to give you the right ones when you need them.