There are different types of syndromes. Syndromes refer to an association of symptoms and signs which altogether characterizes a certain abnormality. There are many types of syndromes affecting different parts of the body. Let’s discuss some of those in this article.They are categorized into cardiovascular, infectious, pulmonary and congenital types of syndromes.Since there are too many to mention, names of the other syndromes are added as well.
Cardiovascular Types of Syndromes
Takayasu’s Syndrome-This type of syndrome is present in young women and characterized by Aortic Arch’s arteritis which results in having no pulse.
Shoulder-hand Syndrome-This is characterized by a swelling hand and painful shoulder following a Myocardial Infarction.
Leriche’s Syndrome-This is characterized by distal aorta’s occlusion, impotence and fatigue in the calf,thigh and hip.
Eisenmenger’s Syndrome-This is characterized by a defect in ventricular septal, cyanosis and pulmonary hypertension.
Gastrointestinal Types of Syndromes
Lummer-Vinson Syndrome-This is characterized by esophageal webs.
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome-This is characterized by pancreas tumor, gastric hyperacidity and serious peptic ulcers.
Malabsorption Syndrome-This is characterized by dietary substances impaired absorption, weight loss, weakness and diarrhea.
Mallory-Weiss Syndrome- This syndrome is characterized by a laceration in the esophagus in its lower end caused by vomiting and hematemesis. This can often be seen in an alcoholic.
Infectious Types of Syndromes
Waterhouse-Friedrichson Syndrome-This is characterized by adrenal failure that is fulminant, circulatory collapse, extensive purpura, shock,and vomiting.
Steven-Johnson Syndrome- This syndrome is characterized by malaise, fever, headache, conjuntivitis, urethritis,stomatitis, and large skin slough areas.
Reiter’s Syndrome- This syndrome is characterized by fatty
liver, skin lesions, arthritis, conjunctivitis, and urethritis.
Reye’s Syndrome- With this syndrome, the kid’s consciousness is lost and they experience seizures.
Pulmonary Types of Syndromes
Churg-Strauss Syndrome- This is characterized by eosonophilia, fever,and asthma.
Middle-lobe Syndrome-This is characterized by chronic atalectasis and pneumonitis of the right lung’s middle lobe.
Hamman-Rich Syndrome-This is characterized by the lung’s interstitial fibrosis.
Artagener’s Syndrome- This is characterized by the lung’s lateral transposition caused by bronchiectasis and chronic sinusitis.
Congenital Types of Syndromes
Wilson Syndrome- This syndrome is characterized by hepatolenticular degeneration, cirrhosis and mental retardation.
Turner’s Syndrome-This is characterized by amenorrhea, elbow’s valgus, webbed neck and dwarfism.
Marfan Syndrome- This is characterized by a disorder of connective tissue, lens subluxation, abnormally long extremities and digits
More types of syndromes include Straight Back Syndrome, Restless Legs Syndrome, Pickwickian Syndrome, Munchausen Syndrome, Tietze’s Syndrome, Costochondral Syndrome,Yellow-Nail Syndrome, Parinaud Syndrome, Loffler’s Syndrome, Felty’s Syndrome, Banti’s Syndrome, Bartter’s Syndrome, Sheehan’s Syndrome, Cushing’s Syndrome, Conn’s Syndrome,Postrubella Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Cervical Syndrome, Cerebellar Syndrome, Pancoast Syndrome, Meigs’ Syndrome, Gardner’s Syndrome, Carcinoid Syndrome, Ulysses Syndrome,Asherman’s Syndrome, Barlow Syndrome,Brown Sequard Syndrome, Mikulicz’s Syndrome, Cruveilhier-Baumgarten Syndrome, Dubin-Johnson Syndrome, Budd-Chiari Syndrome,Banti’s Syndrome,Plummer-Vinson Syndrome, Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, RIley-Day Syndrome, Gerstmann’s Syndrome, Acute-Brain Syndrome, Froin’s Syndrome, Carpal-Tunnel Syndrome, Toxic shock Syndrome, Scalded Skin Syndrome, Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, Rendu-Osler-Weber Syndrome, Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Klippel-Feil Syndrome, Klinefelter’s Syndrome, Godpasture’s Syndrome,Ehler’s-Danlos Syndrome, Dandy-Walker Syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome,Lambert-Eaton Syndrome, Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome, Afferent Loop Syndrome, Sick Sinus Syndrome,Floppy-Valve Syndrome,Chinese Restaurant Syndrome and Acute Radiation Syndrome.